Keeping Parents Supported (KEEP-P)
KEEP-P is testing two versions of a manualized, group-based intervention for foster and other at-risk preschoolers and their caregivers. The project will evaluate two versions of the KEEP-P psychoeducational caregiver support group, regular KEEP-P and KEEP-V, a version that includes a video coaching component designed to increase caregiver responsiveness. The project aims to improve parenting and child outcomes. Collaborators include Lane County Department of Human Services, Oregon Social Learning Center, and Early Childhood CARES. Funding is provided by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development.
Timeline: July 2013 – April 2018
Point Person: Alex Wagnon

Translational Drug Abuse Prevention/ Research Component 1: Teen Decision Study 
The Translational Drug Abuse and Prevention (TDAP) Center grant at Oregon Social Learning Center and the UO Prevention Science Institute aims to increase understanding in three key areas that have direct effects on Child Welfare Systems (CWS) policy and practice: (1) Understanding of underlying mechanisms and processes associated with exposure to high levels of early life adversity, and specific to risky decision-making in certain social contexts that are common for CWS youth during early adolescence; (2) reducing the high rates of drug use and engagement in HIV-risk behaviors in adolescent girls in the CWS via novel preventive intervention strategies; and (3) identifying methods for implementing extant evidence-based interventions into CWS real-world settings with high fidelity and empirically measuring implementation success/failure in the context of a public child welfare system-initiated reform. The Teen Decisions Study (TDS) is Research Component 1 (RC1) of the TDAP Center grant. It investigates the effects of peer influence on risky decision-making in adolescents, measured by a simulated driving game. Participants in this study include children ages 11-17 currently involved in the CWS as well as typically developing children outside of the CWS. The study uses a convergence of functional neuroimaging, behavioral, and self-report measures (collected longitudinally) to (a) assess peer influence on risk decisions in adolescents with varying degrees of early adversity; (b) identify neural patterns associated with risk following social feedback in adolescents; and (c) investigate whether these patterns of brain activity and early adversity can predict actual risk behavior and social functioning. Collaborators include Pfeifer Lab (Pfeifer, Berkman), Oregon Social Learning Center, and Lane County Department of Human Services. Funding is provided by the National Insitute on Drug and Alcohol Abuse.
Timeline: July 2013 – April 2018
Point Person: Phil Fisher (Center), Jennifer Pfeifer/Shannon Peake (RC1)

The Pathways project is a mixed-methods research project that identifies the importance of protective behaviors in pregnant women with substance use disorders before they access substance abuse treatment services. Through qualitative research this project identifies the specific protective behaviors (i.e. seeking information, reducing substance use, engaging in healthy behaviors) that women engage in due to concerns about the welfare of their baby. A larger quantitative data collection then determines the role of these behaviors in women’s pathway to entering substance abuse treatment. Willamette Family Treatment is a collaborator. Participant compensation funding is provided by the Center for the Study of Women in Society.
Timeline: Qualitative and quantitative phases both set to be completed by June 2016
Point Person: Amanda Van Scoyoc

Frontiers of Innovation (FOI) Measurement Project
Frontiers of Innovation (FOI) aims to improve child outcomes through building caregiver capacities. FOI brings together researchers, practitioners, and policy makers to co-develop new, creative, prevention and intervention programs for families. Each project team, or “site”, collects pre- and post- data on the interventions being tested. This project supports the SNAP Lab’s work with FOI to create a centralized database and manualized data management protocol to be used across FOI sites. The SNAP Lab also provides support to project teams to create intervention materials, a theory of change, and to select appropriate measures that can be successfully utilized by sites to measure outcomes. The Harvard Center on the Developing Child’s Frontiers of Innovation is a collaborator. Funding is provided by Harvard University, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the Annie E. Casey Foundation, the Buffet Early Childhood Fund, and the Hemera Foundation.
Timeline: September 2014 – present
Point Person: Anneke Olson

In collaboration with the Pearl Buck Center Preschool, this project serves caregivers with intellectual disabilities by employing an adapted version of the FIND program. To date, the Pearl Buck Team has engaged 25 families, and is currently in the process of building FIND consultation and coaching capacity to continue serving families in the Pearl Buck community. Funding is provided by the Children’s Trust Fund of Oregon, Trillium, and Lane County Department of Human Services.
Timeline: September 2014 – June 2015
Point Person: Melanie Berry

FIND DEL aims to take FIND to scale through training WA-based Infant/Toddler in the FIND model in order to serve in-home and center-based childcare providers across 10 regions of Washington State. The project consists of three phases: 1) a pilot phase serving one region and 16 providers; 2) Wave 1, serving a total of 5 regions and 80 providers; and 3) Wave 2, serving a total of 10 regions and 160 providers. An evaluation plan is currently in progress to measure provider and child outcomes. Collaborators include the Washington State Department of Early Learning, the Children’s Home Society of Washington, and the University of Washington. Funding is provided by the Washington State Department of Early Learning.
Timeline: August 2014 – June 2016
Point Person: Melanie Berry

The Oregon Department of Human Service’s (DHS) shift to Differential Response adds an alternative response track for families who enter the child welfare system. This new response track takes a preventative approach, and refers lower risk families to voluntary services in an effort to keep children safely at home and prevent families from entering the children welfare system. The Strengthening Preserving and Reunifying Families (SPRF) program provides services to support families who are working towards reunification. Both of these programs support the SNAP Lab’s work in providing FIND for families involved in the Lane County child welfare system. The program is implemented within the home, and/or in the context of supervised visitation. Collaborators include Oregon Community Programs and Lane County Department of Health and Human Services. Funding is provided by Lane County Department of Human Services.
Timeline: February 2014 – February 2016
Point Person: Melanie Berry

FIND ACF is a randomized clinical trial testing the FIND program as part of a home visitor program with high-risk families enrolled in Early Head Start programs in Denver, Colorado. The project will evaluation three conditions: 1) Parents receiving FIND only, 2) parents receiving FIND plus additional support informed by Child Parent Psychotherapy, and 3) parents receiving services as usual. Outcome measures for this trial include the quality of the parent-child interactions, parent well-being, child behavior, and parent and child Hypothalamic-Pituitary-Adrenal axis functioning via cortisol measurement, as well as information to assess the effectiveness of the implementation of the intervention. Collaborators include the University of Denver and the Mental Health Center of Denver. Funding is provided by the Administration for Children and Families (ACF; DHHS).
Timeline: August 2014 – June 2016
Point Person: Melanie Berry

FIND Alberta
This project aims to take FIND to scale through serving high-risk families in the province of Alberta, Canada. For the FIND Alberta Road Test, the Oregon FIND Team will provide initial and pre-certification training to Alberta-based FIND Consultants and Coaches. The Oregon FIND Team will provide consulting support and editing for the Alberta-based team to complete the FIND intervention with up to 40 families. Collaborators include Alberta Human Services, Norlien Foundation, Early Childhood Development Support Services, Norwood Child and Family Resource Centre, Terra Centre, and the Children’s Cottage Society.
Timeline: October 2014 – May 2015
Point Person: Melanie Berry

FIND Fathers
FIND Fathers adapts FIND materials to specifically target fathers of infants and toddlers. The project serves 16 fathers recruited through Children’s Home Society of Washington in Seattle. In addition to the Children’s Home Society of Washington, collaborators also include Holly Schindler at the University of Washington. Funding is provided by the Harvard Center on the Developing Child’s Frontiers of Innovation (FOI).
Timeline: August 2014 – March 2015
Point Person: Melanie Berry

The purpose of iStar is to better understand how children’s behavioral and biological response to a frustrating task may alter their inhibitory control. The iStar team is interested in how children’s biology, such as stress hormone function, heart rate, and brain activity, relate to their performance on measures of inhibitory control and behavioral responses to a frustrating task. Currently, inhibitory control deficits are known to underlie a range of risk-taking behaviors, such as substance abuse, associated with a range of early life stress (ELS). Evidence among adults shows that when faced with an acute stressor, inhibitory control performance declines. Extending this research to children may allow us to better understand contextual vulnerability to risk-taking behaviors and allow for the design of more targeted interventions to improve child outcomes. Funding is provided by Translational Drug Abuse Prevention (TDAP) pilot funds from the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
Timeline: July 2015 – March 2016
Point Person: Leslie Roos

Training for Early Nurturing and Development (TEND)
TEND is a group program designed to support foster parents who care for babies. The program involves video coaching to promote serve and return interaction as well as a focus on core parenting skills including routines, positive reinforcement and limit setting as well as caregiving skills that are specific to babies (e.g. feeding and soothing). The UK’s National Implementation Service is a collaborator. Funding is provided by the UK Government Department for Education’s Evidence Based Interventions Programme.
Timeline: November 2015 – June 2015 (pilot); Fall 2015 – (next implementation)
Point Person: Melanie Berry

Training Adolescent Self-Control (TASC)
The overarching goal of the TASC pilot project is to evaluate the effectiveness of an inhibitory control training intervention to 1) increase inhibitory control in peer contexts and 2) change inhibitory control neural networks amongst 15 to 17 year old adolescents from a low socioeconomic school district. Risk-taking behaviors (RBs) such as substance use and unsafe sex emerge and increase during adolescence, often occur when adolescents are with peers, and are associated with negative outcomes across the lifespan. Targeting specific neurocognitive processes thought to underlie risk-taking (i.e., inhibitory control) within salient contexts (i.e., peers) is a promising means to affect this behavior. Early adversity effects on behavioral and neural outcomes will also be investigated. Participants complete fMRI scans before and after 12 training sessions of a computerized inhibitory control task. Collaborators include the Social and Affective Neuroscience (SAN) Lab at the University of Oregon and Bethel School District. Funding is provided by Translational Drug Abuse Prevention (TDAP) pilot funds from the National Institute on Drug Abuse, and by Frontiers of Innovation (FOI).
Timeline: Summer 2014 – Fall 2015
Point Person: Kate Beauchamp